Boxer (AKC Standard)


Official Standard of the Boxer
General Appearance: The ideal Boxer is a medium-sized, square-built dog of good substance
with short back, strong limbs, and short, tight-fitting coat. His well-developed muscles are clean,
hard, and appear smooth under taut skin. His movements denote energy. The gait is firm yet
elastic, the stride free and ground-covering, the carriage proud. Developed to serve as guard,
working, and companion dog, he combines strength and agility with elegance and style. His
expression is alert and his temperament steadfast and tractable.
The chiseled head imparts to the Boxer a unique individual stamp. It must be in correct
proportion to the body. The broad, blunt muzzle is the distinctive feature, and great value is
placed upon its being of proper form and balance with the skull.
In judging the Boxer first consideration is given to general appearance and overall balance.
Special attention is then devoted to the head, after which the individual body components are
examined for their correct construction, and the gait evaluated for efficiency.
Size, Proportion, Substance: Size – Adult males 23 to 25 inches; females 21½ to 23½ inches at
the withers. Proper balance and quality in the individual should be of primary importance since
there is no size disqualification. Proportion – The body in profile is square in that a horizontal
line from the front of the forechest to the rear projection of the upper thigh should equal the
length of a vertical line dropped from the top of the withers to the ground. Substance – Sturdy,
with balanced musculature. Males larger boned than females.
Head: The beauty of the head depends upon the harmonious proportion of muzzle to skull. The
blunt muzzle is ⅓ the length of the head from the occiput to the tip of the nose, and ⅔ the width
of the skull. The head should be clean, not showing deep wrinkles (wet). Wrinkles typically
appear upon the forehead when ears are erect, and are always present from the lower edge of the
stop running downward on both sides of the muzzle. Expression – Intelligent and alert. Eyes –
Dark brown in color, frontally placed, generous, not too small, too protruding, or too deep set.
Their mood-mirroring character, combined with the wrinkling of the forehead, gives the Boxer
head its unique quality of expressiveness. Third eyelids preferably have pigmented rims. Ears –
Set at the highest points of the sides of the skull, the ears are customarily cropped, cut rather long
and tapering, and raised when alert. If uncropped, the ears should be of moderate size, thin, lying
flat and close to the cheeks in repose, but falling forward with a definite crease when alert. Skull
– The top of the skull is slightly arched, not rounded, flat, nor noticeably broad, with the occiput
not overly pronounced. The forehead shows a slight indentation between the eyes and forms a
distinct stop with the topline of the muzzle. The cheeks should be relatively flat and not bulge
(cheekiness), maintaining the clean lines of the skull as they taper into the muzzle in a slight,
graceful curve. Muzzle and Nose – The muzzle, proportionately developed in length, width, and
depth, has a shape influenced first through the formation of both jawbones, second through the
placement of the teeth, and third through the texture of the lips. The top of the muzzle should not
slant down (downfaced), nor should it be concave (dishfaced); however, the tip of the nose
should lie slightly higher than the root of the muzzle. The nose should be broad and black. Bite
and Jaw Structure – The Boxer bite is undershot, the lower jaw protruding beyond the upper and
curving slightly upward. The incisor teeth of the lower jaw are in a straight line, with the canines
preferably up front in the same line to give the jaw the greatest possible width. The upper line of
the incisors is slightly convex with the corner upper incisors fitting snugly in back of the lower
canine teeth on each side. Neither the teeth nor the tongue should ever show when the mouth is
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closed. The upper jaw is broad where attached to the skull and maintains this breadth, except for
a very slight tapering to the front. The lips, which complete the formation of the muzzle, should
meet evenly in front. The upper lip is thick and padded, filling out the frontal space created by
the projection of the lower jaw, and laterally is supported by the canines of the lower jaw.
Therefore, these canines must stand far apart and be of good length so that the front surface of
the muzzle is broad and squarish and, when viewed from the side, shows moderate layback. The
chin should be perceptible from the side as well as from the front. Any suggestion of an overlip
obscuring the chin should be penalized.
Neck, Topline, Body: Neck – Round, of ample length, muscular and clean without excessive
hanging skin (dewlap). The neck should have a distinctly arched and elegant nape blending
smoothly into the withers.
Back and Topline: The back is short, straight, muscular, firm, and smooth. The topline is
slightly sloping when the Boxer is at attention, leveling out when in motion. Body – The chest is
of fair width, and the forechest well-defined and visible from the side. The brisket is deep,
reaching down to the elbows; the depth of the body at the lowest point of the brisket equals half
the height of the dog at the withers. The ribs, extending far to the rear, are well-arched but not
barrel-shaped. The loins are short and muscular. The lower stomach line is slightly tucked up,
blending into a graceful curve to the rear. The croup is slightly sloped, flat and broad. The pelvis
is long, and in females especially broad. The tail is set high, docked, and carried upward. An
undocked tail should be severely penalized.
Forequarters: The shoulders are long and sloping, close-lying, and not excessively covered with
muscle (loaded). The upper arm is long, approaching a right angle to the shoulder blade. The
elbows should not press too closely to the chest wall nor stand off visibly from it. The forelegs
are long, straight, and firmly muscled, and, when viewed from the front, stand parallel to each
other. The pastern is strong and distinct, slightly slanting, but standing almost perpendicular to
the ground. The dewclaws may be removed. Feet should be compact, turning neither in nor out,
with well-arched toes.
Hindquarters: The hindquarters are strongly muscled, with angulation in balance with that of
the forequarters. The thighs are broad and curved, the breech musculature hard and strongly
developed. Upper and lower thighs are long. The legs are well-angulated at the stifle, neither too
steep nor over-angulated, with clearly defined, well “let down” hock joints. Viewed from behind,
the hind legs should be straight, with hock joints leaning neither in nor out. From the side, the leg
below the hock (metatarsus) should be almost perpendicular to the ground, with a slight slope to
the rear permissible. The metatarsus should be short, clean, and strong. The Boxer has no rear
Coat: Short, shiny, lying smooth and tight to the body.
Color: The colors are fawn and brindle. Fawn shades vary from light tan to mahogany. The
brindle ranges from sparse but clearly defined black stripes on a fawn background to such a
heavy concentration of black striping that the essential fawn background color barely, although
clearly, shows through (which may create the appearance of reverse brindling). White markings,
if present, should be of such distribution as to enhance the dog’s appearance, but may not exceed
one-third of the entire coat. They are not desirable on the flanks or on the back of the torso
proper. On the face, white may replace part of the otherwise essential black mask, and may
extend in an upward path between the eyes, but it must not be excessive, so as to detract from
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true Boxer expression. The absence of white markings, the so-called “plain” fawn or brindle, is
perfectly acceptable, and should not be penalized in any consideration of color. Disqualifications
– Boxers that are any color other than fawn or brindle. Boxers with a total of white markings
exceeding one-third of the entire coat.
Gait: Viewed from the side, proper front and rear angulation is manifested in a smoothly
efficient, level-backed, ground covering stride with a powerful drive emanating from a freely
operating rear. Although the front legs do not contribute impelling power, adequate reach should
be evident to prevent interference, overlap, or sidewinding (crabbing). Viewed from the front,
the shoulders should remain trim and the elbows not flare out. The legs are parallel until gaiting
narrows the track in proportion to increasing speed, then the legs come in under the body but
should never cross. The line from the shoulder down through the leg should remain straight
although not necessarily perpendicular to the ground. Viewed from the rear, a Boxer’s rump
should not roll. The hind feet should dig in and track relatively true with the front. Again, as
speed increases, the normally broad rear track will become narrower. The Boxer’s gait should
always appear smooth and powerful, never stilted or inefficient.
Character and Temperament: These are of paramount importance in the Boxer. Instinctively a
hearing guard dog, his bearing is alert, dignified, and self-assured. In the show ring his behavior
should exhibit constrained animation. With family and friends, his temperament is fundamentally
playful, yet patient and stoical with children. Deliberate and wary with strangers, he will exhibit
curiosity, but, most importantly, fearless courage if threatened. However, he responds promptly
to friendly overtures honestly rendered. His intelligence, loyal affection, and tractability to
discipline make him a highly desirable companion. Any evidence of shyness, or lack of dignity
or alertness, should be severely penalized. The foregoing description is that of the ideal Boxer.
Any deviation from the above described dog must be penalized to the extent of the deviation.
Disqualifications: Boxers that are any color other than fawn or brindle. Boxers with a total of
white markings exceeding one-third of the entire coat.
Approved February 11, 2005
Effective March 30, 2005